Pedestrian taken to hospital following accident

Posted: Monday, September 1, 2014 6:56 pm
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Updated: 6:58 pm, Mon Sep 1, 2014.

Pedestrian taken to hospital after accident in Aberdeen


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A Monday afternoon accident between a pickup and a pedestrian at the intersection of South Dakota Street and Third Avenue Southeast sent the pedestrian to an Aberdeen hospital.

Further details of the accident were unavailable Monday night.

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      Monday, September 1, 2014 6:56 pm.

      Updated: 6:58 pm.

      Article source: http://www.aberdeennews.com/news/local/pedestrian-taken-to-hospital-following-accident/article_3ca32d7a-e6d0-5d5c-ab0a-b0b4791e0364.html

      New school year, new curriculum: Compulsory foreign languages for primary …

      • Every pupil will study five core academic subjects until they are 16
      • It is the culmination of a four-year campaign started by Michael Gove
      • There will be a new emphasis on spelling and grammar, and history lessons will focus on the story of Britain

      By
      Ben Spencer for the Daily Mail

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      After six weeks of summer  holidays, children can find it quite a shock to be back at school.

      But when term resumes this week, it may be even tougher than usual. For the country is about to undergo the biggest education shake-up in a decade with a new, tougher national curriculum.

      And further changes are planned, with Education Secretary Nicky Morgan saying the Conservatives will pledge at the next election to make every pupil study five core academic subjects until they are 16.

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      Education Secretary Nicky Morgan saying the Conservatives will pledge at the next election to make every pupil study five core academic subjects until they are 16

      Under the new curriculum, children aged five will have to recite poetry by heart,  11-year-olds will sit maths exams without calculators and teenagers will study at least two Shakespeare plays.

      Computer programming will be taught from five to 14, and foreign languages will be made compulsory at primary school.

      There will be a new emphasis on spelling and grammar, and history will focus on the story of Britain.

      The more traditional curriculum is the culmination of a four-year campaign started by Michael Gove. His successor Mrs Morgan has pledged to continue the drive.

      But many parents have been left in the dark and teachers say they are not ready to teach the material.

      Two-thirds of parents are totally unaware of the changes, a survey of 1,000 by the tuition firm Explore Learning found. And six out of ten teachers say their schools are not prepared, a poll by the Association of Teachers and Lecturers showed.

      The curriculum was finalised last September – which eight out of ten teachers said left too little time to make changes. In the survey of 618 teachers, nine out of ten labelled the Department for Education’s approach ‘chaotic’ or ‘flawed’.

      Nansi Ellis, of the ATL, said: ‘The Government has rushed through the biggest change to the national curriculum in a decade. 

      ‘Children . . . face an uncertain time as their teachers are still trying to make sense of the new curriculum. It is extremely unfair to jeopardise young people’s education through what seems to be national mismanagement of change.’

      Carey Ann Dodah, of Explore Learning, said: ‘The curriculum is a response to fears that England is slipping behind international competitors and there are some drastic changes.’ Meanwhile, Mrs Morgan said the Tories will press for more reforms if they win the election.

      She laid out plans yesterday for all pupils to study GCSE English, maths, science, one language and either history or geography.

      Schools that do not teach the five subjects – which together make up an ‘English baccalaureate’ – will not be eligible for a ‘good’ rating from Ofsted, she said.

      ‘We want students to be able to keep their options open for as long as possible,’ Mrs Morgan added.

      She said that while students in wealthy areas already learn these subjects, ‘that is not always happening in less advantaged areas’.

      A Department for Education spokesman said teachers had time to prepare for the changes, adding: ‘We will not stand by and allow pupils to lose ground with peers in countries across the world.’

       

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      Article source: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2739412/Pupils-facing-tough-new-curriculum-school-year-starts-Foreign-languages-compulsory-primary-schools-children-learn-computer-programming-biggest-shake-decade.html

      Computers Can Find Similarities Between Paintings – but Art History Is About …

      Some computer scientists at Rutgers University in New Jersey have written a computer programme that finds connections between paintings and can even discover influences between artists, they claim. This certainly raises some fascinating questions, but not about art history.

      In the paper, Babak Saleh and his colleagues describe how they created a programme to compare paintings so as to establish recurrences of certain features.

      They classified more than 1,700 paintings according to various visual features they contained, from simple object descriptions to style and colour. And many striking comparisons and links were indeed thrown back by the programme.

      But I’m afraid this is by no means going to help art history. The paper is titled “Toward Automated Discovery of Artistic Influence“. And sorry folks, but art history isn’t just about tracing influence and comparing use of things like space, texture, form and colour.

      This is what we might call connoisseurial art history, which is what you might have found in the 19th century. Connoisseurs began to compare works scattered across churches and monasteries, classifying them and trying to discern common authorship. The works were identified for certain similarities of technique or ways of painting, for instance, hands or ears. At this point, in the later 19th and early 20th century, the project was somewhat forensic. Indeed, the founder of this method was a doctor, Giovanni Morelli.

      But unsurprisingly, the discipline has developed somewhat since then. To study art history, we need to know about economics, politics, literature, philosophy, languages, theologies, ideologies while also studying to understand how art thinks. Art thinks through making, through forms, through materials. And over the past century, art history has been enriched by feminist, post-colonial, queer, and trans-national perspectives. We no longer hunt for connections – we ask questions. We are not diagnosticians seeking for common symptoms. We are not criminologists tracing clues that link a with b.

      Even at the most basic level, machines would not be helpful in developing these larger narratives. The idea that machines can see or notice what human beings do not is a fallacy, because the machine is only doing what it is told – and it is the programmers who are setting parameters. But those parameters are based on a woefully old-fashioned and dull misunderstanding of what art historians do, and what they look for.

      The big question is not that Caillebotte (one of the examples given) was influenced by Degas. Instead it is what he did with that “Degas-ness”. Did he get what Degas was doing? Was he arguing against Degas by making sure we saw some reference to his work? Why would it be valuable to work with it, to work it otherwise? What does referencing and deferring to another artist make possible for the one who does so?

      In one example from the article, the programme “discovered” similarities between French Impressionist Frederic Bazille’s Studio 9 Rue de la Condamine (1870) and American Norman Rockwell’s Shuffleton’s Barber Shop (1950) into which they thought art historians could look further.

      It is, of course, possible that Rockwell knew Bazille’s painting from an illustration in a book about Impressionist art, and even liked it. But what would we learn from finding pot-bellied stoves in both paintings, except about how people heated rooms pre-central heating? Rockwell’s art was all about creating an American vernacular style in art in opposition to the European modernism of which Bazille was an early part. Such comparisons are shallow, and overlook time, place, history and art politics.

      The real problem is that even in the game of source hunting and influence tracing, ideology is already at work. Influence, linking artists and artworks in a one-way direction, such as family descent, is a dressed-up way of protecting the canon (and the art market), and this machine-aided form of looking for similarity would only reinforce it.

      There was, until recently, virtually no art history that ever asked how women or African-Americans, or non-Europeans “influenced” the direction of art, or even traced any kind of links between such artists and the canonised white men. It is the kind of art history practiced in today’s universities, rather than the auction houses, that is asking precisely these bigger questions.

      Art history studies cultures, societies, histories, and experiences and how they are given form. All we get from exercises in comparison and influence are superficial resemblances at which any artist would laugh. Art history takes art and artists seriously.

      Griselda Pollock receives funding from Arts and Humanities Research Council UK and the Leverhulme Trust, UK. This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article.

      Views expressed in this article are the opinions of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of Epoch Times.

      Article source: http://www.theepochtimes.com/n3/902625-computers-can-find-similarities-between-paintings-but-art-history-is-about-so-much-more/

      Ferguson rally marks 3 weeks since Brown’s death

      Posted: Saturday, August 30, 2014 1:52 pm
      |


      Updated: 5:01 pm, Sat Aug 30, 2014.

      Ferguson rally marks 3 weeks since Brown’s death

      Associated Press |


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      FERGUSON, Mo. (AP) — Hundreds converged on Ferguson on Saturday to march for Michael Brown, the unarmed black 18-year-old who was shot and killed by a white police officer three weeks ago to the day. His death stoked national discourse about police tactics and race, which the rally’s organizers pledged to continue.

      Led by Brown’s parents and other relatives, Saturday’s throng peacefully made their way down Canfield Drive in the St. Louis suburb to a makeshift memorial that marked the spot where Brown was shot Aug. 9 by Ferguson Police Officer Darren Wilson.

      © 2014 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

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      Saturday, August 30, 2014 1:52 pm.

      Updated: 5:01 pm.

      Article source: http://www.eastoregonian.com/news/nation_world/ferguson-rally-marks-weeks-since-brown-s-death/article_c7fe9083-af4b-5abc-a2ae-397f1211b8cd.html

      Record rainfall Thursday

      Posted: Saturday, August 30, 2014 2:00 am

      Record rainfall Thursday

      By Scott Waltman swaltman@aberdeennews.com

      Aberdeen News Co.

      |
      0 comments

      Thursday, a record 1.25 inches of rain fell in Aberdeen. That topped the old record of 1.1 inches for Aug. 28 set in 1993.

      Today, a sunny afternoon with a high of 78 should replace what could be a foggy morning, at least until 9 or so. There’s a 40 percent chance of thunderstorms tonight.

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          Saturday, August 30, 2014 2:00 am.

          Article source: http://www.aberdeennews.com/news/local/record-rainfall-thursday/article_1d3c4e01-55d6-5d57-8a2c-ae2780e94a63.html

          Chrome update lets you share your browser, not your history

          If you typically share your computer and your browser with a sibling, a roomie or a friend who has no respect for your privacy, this latest Google Chrome beta update might make things easier for you. It comes with a pull-down menu that lets you easily switch users, put the browser to guest mode or launch an incognito tab on Windows, Mac or Linux. According to some comments in the update’s Google+ announcement, though, you still have to log off from your accounts to be sure your activities remain for your eyes only, just in case someone decides to peek. The guest mode automatically deletes the other user’s browsing information, on the other hand, so they won’t have to worry about you seeing their secrets.

          Aside from this update, Google has also unleashed a 64-bit Chrome beta for Mac, a few days after the company released a 64-bit stable version for Windows computers. This will make the browser launch more quickly and will generally make it faster than its predecessor. Finally, the new beta update also comes with a bunch of APIs for web app devs to play with. You can get Google Chrome beta (or any other channel you want, whether stable, Canary or Dev) through The Chromium Projects website.

          http://www.engadget.com/2014/08/29/google-chrome-beta-user-switch-64-bit-mac/

          Does It Help to Know History?

          About a year ago, I wrote about some attempts to explain why anyone would, or ought to, study English in college. The point, I thought, was not that studying English gives anyone some practical advantage on non-English majors, but that it enables us to enter, as equals, into a long existing, ongoing conversation. It isn’t productive in a tangible sense; it’s productive in a human sense. The action, whether rewarded or not, really is its own reward. The activity is the answer.

          It might be worth asking similar questions about the value of studying, or at least, reading, history these days, since it is a subject that comes to mind many mornings on the op-ed page. Every writer, of every political flavor, has some neat historical analogy, or mini-lesson, with which to preface an argument for why we ought to bomb these guys or side with those guys against the guys we were bombing before. But the best argument for reading history is not that it will show us the right thing to do in one case or the other, but rather that it will show us why even doing the right thing rarely works out. The advantage of having a historical sense is not that it will lead you to some quarry of instructions, the way that Superman can regularly return to the Fortress of Solitude to get instructions from his dad, but that it will teach you that no such crystal cave exists. What history generally “teaches” is how hard it is for anyone to control it, including the people who think they’re making it.

          Roger Cohen, for instance, wrote on Wednesday about all the mistakes that the United States is supposed to have made in the Middle East over the past decade, with the implicit notion that there are two histories: one recent, in which everything that the United States has done has been ill-timed and disastrous; and then some other, superior, alternate history, in which imperial Western powers sagaciously, indeed, surgically, intervened in the region, wisely picking the right sides and thoughtful leaders, promoting militants without aiding fanaticism, and generally aiding the cause of peace and prosperity. This never happened. As the Libyan intervention demonstrates, the best will in the world—and, seemingly, the best candidates for our support—can’t cure broken polities quickly. What “history” shows is that the same forces that led to the Mahdi’s rebellion in Sudan more than a century ago—rage at the presence of a colonial master; a mad turn towards an imaginary past as a means to equal the score—keep coming back and remain just as resistant to management, close up or at a distance, as they did before. ISIS is a horrible group doing horrible things, and there are many factors behind its rise. But they came to be a threat and a power less because of all we didn’t do than because of certain things we did do—foremost among them that massive, forward intervention, the Iraq War. (The historical question to which ISIS is the answer is: What could possibly be worse than Saddam Hussein?)

          Another, domestic example of historical blindness is the current cult of the political hypersagacity of Lyndon B. Johnson. L.B.J. was indeed a ruthless political operator and, when he had big majorities, got big bills passed—the Civil Rights Act, for one. He also engineered, and masterfully bullied through Congress, the Vietnam War, a moral and strategic catastrophe that ripped the United States apart and, more important, visited a kind of hell on the Vietnamese. It also led American soldiers to commit war crimes, almost all left unpunished, of a kind that it still shrivels the heart to read about. Johnson did many good things, but to use him as a positive counterexample of leadership to Barack Obama or anyone else is marginally insane.

          Johnson’s tragedy was critically tied to the cult of action, of being tough and not just sitting there and watching. But not doing things too disastrously is not some minimal achievement; it is a maximal achievement, rarely managed. Studying history doesn’t argue for nothing-ism, but it makes a very good case for minimalism: for doing the least violent thing possible that might help prevent more violence from happening.

          The real sin that the absence of a historical sense encourages is presentism, in the sense of exaggerating our present problems out of all proportion to those that have previously existed. It lies in believing that things are much worse than they have ever been—and, thus, than they really are—or are uniquely threatening rather than familiarly difficult. Every episode becomes an epidemic, every image is turned into a permanent injury, and each crisis is a historical crisis in need of urgent aggressive handling—even if all experience shows that aggressive handling of such situations has in the past, quite often made things worse. (The history of medicine is that no matter how many interventions are badly made, the experts who intervene make more: the sixteenth-century doctors who bled and cupped their patients and watched them die just bled and cupped others more.) What history actually shows is that nothing works out as planned, and that everything has unintentional consequences. History doesn’t show that we should never go to war—sometimes there’s no better alternative. But it does show that the results are entirely uncontrollable, and that we are far more likely to be made by history than to make it. History is past, and singular, and the same year never comes round twice.

          Those of us who obsess, for instance, particularly in this centennial year, on the tragedy of August, 1914—on how an optimistic and largely prosperous civilization could commit suicide—don’t believe that the trouble then was that nobody read history. The trouble was that they were reading the wrong history, a make-believe history of grand designs and chess-master-like wisdom. History, well read, is simply humility well told, in many manners. And a few sessions of humility can often prevent a series of humiliations. What should, say, the advisers to Lord Grey, the British foreign secretary, have told him a century ago? Surely something like: Let’s not lose our heads; the Germans are a growing power who can be accommodated without losing anything essential to our well-being and, perhaps, shaping their direction; Serbian nationalism is an incident, not a cause de guerre; the French are understandably determined to take back Alsace-Lorraine, but this is not terribly important to us—nor to them either, really, if they could be made to see that. And the Ottoman Empire is far from the worst arrangement of things that can be imagined in that part of the world.  We will not lose our credibility by failing to sacrifice a generation of our young men. Our credibility lies, exactly, in their continued happy existence.

          Many measly compromises would have had to be made by the British; many challenges postponed; many opportunities for aggressive, forward action shirked—and the catastrophe, which set the stage and shaped the characters for the next war, would have been avoided. That is historical wisdom, the only wisdom history supplies. The most tempting lesson that history gives is to not tempt it. Those who simply repeat history are condemned to leave the rest of us to read all about that repetition in the news every morning.

          Article source: http://www.newyorker.com/news/daily-comment/help-know-history

          Bafétimbi Gomis: I researched Swansea on Football Manager computer game

          Bafétimbi Gomis has admitted using the Football Manager game to learn about Swansea City and their players before he signed for the club.

          The 29-year-old was aware of Garry Monk’s interest in him while he was playing for Lyon last season, and used his time travelling across Europe to research the club and it’s players with the aid of the computer game.

          Gomis, who scored his first Swansea goal in the 1-0 Capital One Cup win over Rotherham on Tuesday having impressed from the substitute’s bench in the 2-1 win at Manchester United on the Premier League’s opening weekend, told his new club’s website: “I play a lot of Football Manager. During my time with my previous club, we travelled quite a bit for European matches. Therefore, I used my spare time on the plane to play. I’ve been playing the game ever since my development stages, but I have found it very helpful in helping me find out more about Swansea.

          “Before I signed here, I spent a month playing as Swansea to help me get to know my team-mates – to find out a bit more about them. Of course, I also watched video footage to see how the team played, but it is true that the game helped me learn a lot about each of my team-mates’ characteristics – their age, where they used to play and their attributes.”

          Gomis says the best-selling game even helped him learn about the history of the south Wales club – and their manager. “I believe that, when signing for a club, it’s vital that you learn about its history,” he explained. “It was important to know what kind of club Swansea are, their rivalry with Cardiff City, as well as other such things.

          “I realised that the manager Garry Monk was a key player for Swansea, who helped the club rise to the top division of English football. Since Swansea have followed me for some time, I have followed them too and I was very surprised with the quality and mind-set within this team. But, now, it is not a surprise to me, given that Garry Monk is the manager.”

          This season Premier League clubs started using Football Manager’s database of players to help identify and recruit new signings.

          Article source: http://www.theguardian.com/football/2014/aug/28/bafetimbi-gomis-football-manager-computer-game-swansea-city-lyon

          Computer security threats: A brief history

          Print and online media have given extensive coverage to the recent security breach where Russian hackers stole more than a billion passwords, usernames and email addresses.

          In light of this and similar threats, IT security and protecting sensitive data are more important than ever. Over time, computer security threats have become much more sophisticated and more damaging. But this evolution has happened over decades. Tracking these changes reveals some fascinating insights into how criminals have worked to change their tactics and how businesses have responded.

          Early security problems: moths and Cap’n Crunch

          One of the first recorded computer security threats actually didn’t come from a human. In 1945, Rear Admiral Grace Murray Hopper found a moth among the relays of a Navy computer and called it a “bug.” From this, the term “debugging” was born. It wasn’t until the 1960s that humans started exploiting networks. From 1964 to 1970, ATT caught hundreds of people obtaining free phone calls through the use of tone-producing “blue boxes.” Later in the 1970s, John Draper found another way to make free phone calls by using a blue box and plastic toy whistle that came in Cap’n Crunch cereal boxes. The two items combined to replicate a tone unlocking ATT’s phone network.

          The rise of worms and viruses

          By 1979, computer threats took on another form. In that year, the researchers created the first computer worm. Originally intended to help computers, the bug was modified by hackers so it would destroy and alter data. Just a few years later, computer viruses were created. By 1988, damage became widespread as a worm disabled around 6,000 computers connected to the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network. And by 1990, the first self-modifying viruses were created.

          Going global: worldwide attacks

          When the mid-1990s hit, viruses went international as the first Microsoft Word-based virus using macro commands spread all over the world. In 1998, hackers took control of more than 500 government, military, and private computer systems with the “Solar Sunrise” attacks. Two years later, other hackers were able to crash Amazon, Yahoo and eBay’s websites. In 2001, the Code Red worm ended up causing $2 billion in damage by infecting Microsoft Windows NT and Windows 2000 server software. The large-scale attacks continued into 2006, when anywhere from 469,000 to one million computers were infected with the Nyxem virus.

          Explosive connection, rapid infection

          In the mid-2000s, as people connected to the Internet like never before, widespread infection rates exploded as well. The Storm Worm virus in 2007 and the Koobface virus in 2008 used emails and social media to spread rapidly, infecting millions of computers. Hackers also stole data with the Conficker worm in 2009. In 2012, the Heartbleed bug was discovered, which took advantage of a flaw in the OpenSSL security software library to access sensitive data like passwords. And in 2013 one of the most infamous attacks occurred, when hackers gained access to retail giant Target’s servers, leading to the theft of 70 million customer records.

          As you can see, computer security threats are nothing new. But as they get bigger and bolder, companies have to protect their data in new ways. Clearly, the “patch and pray” approach can’t keep the bad guys at bay any more. But what can? The race is on for bigger, better connected and more proactive solutions that stay one step ahead. A few years from now, it sure would be great to read a History of Computer Threats article calling this Russian data heist the last big caper of its kind. Meanwhile, change your passwords!

          Tags: IT Security,Tech Culture

          Article source: http://techpageone.dell.com/technology/security-it/computer-security-threats-a-brief-history/

          Federal prosecutions not easy in police shootings

          Federal prosecutions not easy in police shootings

          FILE – This Aug. 12, 2014 file photo shows protesters standing on a street in Ferguson, Mo. Racial tensions have run high in in the predominantly black city of Ferguson, following the shooting death by police of Michael Brown, 18, an unarmed black man. As the Justice Department probes the police shooting of an unarmed 18-year-old in Ferguson, Missouri, history suggests there’s no guarantee of a criminal prosecution, let alone a conviction. Federal authorities investigating possible civil rights violations in the Aug. 9 death of Michael Brown must meet a difficult standard of proof, a challenge that has complicated the path to prosecution in past police shootings. (AP Photo/Jeff Roberson, File)

          Federal prosecutions not easy in police shootings

          FILE – This Aug. 20, 2014 file-pool photo shows Attorney General Eric Holder talking with Capt. Ron Johnson of the Missouri State Highway Patrol at Drake’s Place Restaurant in Florrissant, Mo. As the Justice Department probes the police shooting of an unarmed 18-year-old in Ferguson, Missouri, history suggests there’s no guarantee of a criminal prosecution, let alone a conviction. Federal authorities investigating possible civil rights violations in the Aug. 9 death of Michael Brown must meet a difficult standard of proof, a challenge that has complicated the path to prosecution in past police shootings. (AP Photo/Pablo Martinez Monsivais, File-Pool)



          Posted: Tuesday, August 26, 2014 7:27 pm
          |


          Updated: 8:04 pm, Tue Aug 26, 2014.

          Federal prosecutions not easy in police shootings

          Associated Press |


          0 comments

          WASHINGTON (AP) — As the Justice Department probes the police shooting of an unarmed 18-year-old in Missouri, history suggests there’s no guarantee of a criminal prosecution, let alone a conviction.

          Federal authorities investigating possible civil rights violations in the Aug. 9 death of Michael Brown in the St. Louis suburb of Ferguson must meet a difficult standard of proof, a challenge that has complicated the path to prosecution in past police shootings.

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              on

              Tuesday, August 26, 2014 7:27 pm.

              Updated: 8:04 pm.

              Article source: http://www.maryvilledailyforum.com/news/state_news/article_38d4203d-d770-5df0-a641-75262b754b9d.html